60 years of alcohol industry in China

The alcohol industry is a basic raw material industry, and its products are mainly used in food, chemical industry, military industry, medicine and other fields. In the food industry, alcohol is the main raw material for preparing all kinds of Baijiu, fruit wine, wine, dew wine, medicinal wine and producing edible acetic acid and edible essence; It is also an indispensable basic raw material and solvent for many chemical products. Alcohol can be used to produce a large number of chemical products such as synthetic rubber, polyvinyl chloride, polystyrene, ethylene glycol, glacial acetic acid, aniline, ether, esters, ethylene oxide and ethyl benzene; It is an indispensable solvent for the production of paints and cosmetics; In the pharmaceutical industry and medical undertakings, alcohol is used to prepare and extract pharmaceutical preparations and as a disinfectant; Dye production, national defense industry and other industrial sectors also need a lot of alcohol. There is also a close relationship between the alcohol industry and agriculture. The weather vane of China's wine industry, Huaxia Wine News, code 23-189, can be subscribed to by the local post office. Alcohol production is an important way for deep processing and comprehensive utilization of agricultural raw materials. In 1973, two successive oil embargoes (called oil crisis in the West) seriously affected the oil supply of western countries. The research on alternative fuels has been widely valued. As a potential energy source, alcohol is worth hundreds of times. Gasoline alcohol is obtained by adding 5% - 20% absolute alcohol to gasoline. In addition, alcohol can also be added to gasoline as an antiknock agent to replace tetraethyl lead, so as to reduce the air pollution caused by gasoline combustion exhaust. In recent years, stimulated by the continuous high crude oil price, the strong demand for fuel ethanol has driven the strong growth of global alcohol production, and the United States has surpassed Brazil to become a large alcohol producer. The United States, Brazil, the European Union and China are currently the major economies in the global alcohol industry.

China's alcohol production is basically fermentation, and synthetic alcohol accounts for only 3.5%, which will continue in the Tenth Five Year Plan and even longer. According to the Tenth Five Year Plan of the national alcohol industry and the 2015 plan (Draft), during the Tenth Five Year Plan period, the production scale of alcohol will be 3million tons (2million tons of commodities), and in 2015, the production scale will reach 4million tons (3million tons of commodities). Adjust and optimize the product structure, and gradually increase the proportion of special and high-grade alcohol. In this century, large comprehensive enterprises with a high degree of comprehensive utilization will be developed on a pilot basis. For enterprises using corn raw materials, wet method will replace semi wet method to remove umbilicus and peel, and alcohol will be produced while producing starch and various sugars, so as to improve the highly effective utilization of resources and the comprehensive economic efficiency of enterprises. Article source: cnwinenews Com benefits. Adjust the industrial production layout and regional structure, change the unreasonable part of the current production layout, and closely combine the alcohol production with the high-yield areas of raw materials, so as to improve the market competitiveness of alcohol products; Stop building alcohol factories in large and medium-sized cities. Eliminate the fermentation process of high-temperature cooking and thin mash (less than 8% liquor); Promote the processes of medium and low temperature cooking, high gravity fermentation (liquor content above 10%) and differential pressure distillation to reduce energy consumption. During the "Tenth Five Year Plan" period, 15% (35% - 40% in 2015) of alcohol production reached the international advanced level. The steam consumption per ton of high-grade alcohol was less than 4.2 tons (less than 3 tons of steam for distillation), the power consumption was less than 180 kwh, and the water consumption was less than 50 m3; The steam consumption per ton of DDGS is less than 2.5 tons, and the power consumption is less than 180 kwh.

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